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朱小华

方向: 海洋动力过程与生态环境 行政职务:
学科专业:物理海洋观测及新观测技术研发和应用 导师:博导
办公电话:81963090
电子邮箱:xhzhu@sio.org.cn

个人详细介绍

  • ■ 个人简介:

    主要从事物理海洋观测研究和观测技术的应用研究。研究海区包括:中国近海、南海、东海和西北太平洋。研究方向:大洋环流、黑潮、琉球海流、近岸潮流等。

    近岸主要从事沿海声层析观测研究,深远海主要从事PIES/CPIES观测研究。

    欢迎对海洋观测研究感兴趣,并对自己身体有自信的同学报考我的博士研究生(浙大海洋学院)。


  • ■ 主要学历与工作经历:

    Education

    Ph. D. Hiroshima University, Hiroshima,Japan,      1998

    M.Sc., Hiroshima University, Hiroshima,Japan,      1995

    B.Sc., East  China University  of Science and Technology Bachelor Engineering, Shanghai,China, 1985.

    Scientific Work Experience

    2006- present: Research Scientist, State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean  Environment Dynamics, Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration,China.

    2000-2006: Research Scientist,  Institute of Observational Research for Global Change, JAMSTEC, Yokosuka,Japan

    1998-2000: Postdoctoral Fellow, Chugoku National Industrial Research Institute, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan, Kure-city, Japan


  • ■ 主要业绩:

    沿海声层析研究:

    本团队于2008年开始进行沿海声层析(Coastal Acoustic Tomography,简称CAT)开发和应用研究。在舟山、琼州海峡、三门湾、钱塘江和大连湾等典型海区进行了多次观测实验,成功地获得了观测海域的流场等水文参数。在舟山,我们进行了7个站位、持续27小时、3分钟采样间隔的观测实验,得到了快速变化的流场结构,分离得到主要半日潮潮、非线性潮以及余流的空间分布。我们在琼州海峡两侧各设置两个声层析站位,并进行了15天的连续观测,得到了主要分潮、余流的空间结构以及流量的时间序列。三门湾实验中,我们进行了7个站位,连续3天的声层析观测,并首次将CAT数据同化到三角网格数值模式中,得到了M2分潮和余流空间结构。我们还在钱塘江杭州段沿江两岸分别设置声层析站位,进行了涌潮动力特性及悬浮泥沙含量的观测。在大连湾,我们进行了多达11个站位的观测实验,这是迄今为止声层析站位数最多的一次CAT观测实验。大量的CAT观测实验证明了CAT能够有效地避免近岸繁忙的航运和渔业的影响,是近岸流场观测的有效手段,具有广泛的应用前景。


    已发表的主要论文:

    [1] Ze‐Nan Zhu, Xiao‐Hua Zhu, Xinyu Guo, Xiaopeng Fan and Chuanzheng Zhang (2017): Assimilation of coastal acoustic tomography data using an unstructured triangular grid ocean model for water with complex coastlines and islands, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, DOI: 10.1002/2017JC012715.

    [2] Chuanzheng Zhang, Xiao-Hua Zhu, Ze-Nan Zhu, Wenhu Liu, Zhongzhe Zhang,Xiaopeng Fan, Ruixiang Zhao, Menghong Dong, Min Wang, 2017, High-precision measurement of tidal current structures using coastal acoustic tomography, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2017.05.014

    [3] Zhu, Z.-N., Zhu, X.H., Gou, X., 2016. Coastal tomographic mapping of nonlinear currents and residual currents. Cont. Shelf Res. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2016.06.014.

    [4] Kawanisi, K., Zhu, X.-H., Fan, X.-P., Nistor I., 2016. Monitoring Tidal Bores using Acoustic Tomography System, Journal of Coastal Research, DOI: 10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-15-00172.1.

    [5] Zhang, C., Kaneko, A., Zhu, X.-H., Gohda, N., 2015. Tomographic mapping of a coastal upwelling and the associated diurnal internal tides in Hiroshima Bay, Japan. J. Geophys. Res. 120 (6), 4288-4305.

    [6] Zhu, X.-H., Zhu, Z.-N., Guo, X., Ma, Y.-L., Fan, X.-P., Dong, M., Zhang, C., 2015. Measurement of tidal and residual currents and volume transport through the Qiongzhou Strait using coastal acoustic tomography. Cont. Shelf Res. 108, 65-75.

    [7] Zhu, X.-H., Kaneko, A., Wu, Q.-S., Zhang, C., Taniguchi, N., Gohda, N., 2013. Mapping tidal current structures in zhitouyang bay, China, using coastal acoustic tomography. IEEE J. Ocean. Eng. 38 (2), 285-296.

    [8] Zhu, X.-H., Zhang, C., Wu, Q.-S., Kaneko, A., Fan, X.-P., Li, B., 2012. Measuring discharge in a river with tidal bores by use of the coastal acoustic tomography system. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 104-105, 54-65.

    [9] 朱泽南, 朱小华, 张传正, 等. 三门湾沿海声层析潮流观测实验 [J]. 地球物理学报. 2015, 58(5):1742-1753.

    [10] 刘文虎, 朱小华, 张钟哲, 等. 钱塘江涌潮观测及其动力学特性 [J]. 大连海洋大学学报. 2015, 30(5): 567-572.

    [11] 张传正, 朱小华, 吴清松.钱塘江双向声传播测流实验研究 [J]. 地球物理学报. 2010, 53(7): 1741-1748


    PIES/CPIES观测研究:

    本团队于2012年10月至2014年7月,在南海北部开展了国内首次倒置式回声仪(pressure-recording inverted echo sounder, PIES)观测。观测断面位于海南岛东南部海域114号卫星高度计轨道上(图1),观测目标是获得南海西边界流的跨断面空间结构和时间变化。我们基于PIES观测,通过GEM(Gravest Empirical Mode)较好地反演得到了观测期间南海西边界流在观测期间的温度、盐度和流速结构及其变异,计算得到了观测期间的流量时间序列(VTPIES)。由于VTPIES与卫星高度计观测得到的跨断面海面高度差(SSHD)存在较强的线性经验关系,进一步估计得到了南海西边界流自1992年以来的流量时间序列(VTNSCS)。该流量数据(VTNSCS)在本网站准实时更新,以实现对南海西边界流的监测。这一成果是科技部优秀973项目“南海海气相互作用与海洋环流和涡旋演变规律”的代表性成果之一。

    During October 2012 to July 2014, the research team of Dr. Xiao-Hua Zhu in our laboratory successfully carried out the first Chinese PIES (pressure-recording inverted echo sounder) observation in the northern South China Sea. The observation section is located in the region southeast of Hainan Island, along the 114th altimeter track (Fig.1). The goal of the observation was to obtain the spatial structure and temporal variation of the South China Sea western boundary current across the section. Based on the PIES observation, the research team precisely estimated the temperature, salinity and velocity structure and variability via GEM (Gravest Empirical Mode), and calculated the volume transport time series (VTPIES) during the observation. Because of a strong linear relationship exists between VTPIES and the sea surface height difference (SSHD) across the observational section, the research team further estimated the volume transport of the South China Sea western boundary current (VTNSCS) since the year of 1992. The VTNSCS data is published and updated regularly on this website to achieve the near-real-time monitoring of the South China Sea western boundary current.

     


    1499653575279735.png

    图1. 左图:PIES布放位置。红色三角代表PIES站位,蓝点为高度计卫星(TOPEX/POSEIDON and Jason-1/2)114号轨道,地形等深线(m)已在图中标出。右图:PIES布放位置断面示意图,黑色实线为海底地形。

    Figure 1. Left Panel: Location map of the PIES stations. Red triangles indicate the individual PIES instruments and blue dots indicate the TOPEX/POSEIDON and Jason-1/2 satellite altimeter track (track 114). Bathymetry is contoured in meters. Right Panel: The location and bathymetry of the PIES observational section, the black line indicates the bottom topography.

     

    参考文献:

    [1] Zhu, X.-H., Zhao, R., Guo, X., Long, Y., Ma, Y., and Fan, X. (2015): A long-term volume transport time series estimated by combining in situ observation and satellite altimeter data in the northern South China Sea. Journal of Oceanography,DOI 10.1007/s10872-015-0305-5.

    [2] RuixiangZhao, Xiao-Hua Zhu* (2016): Weakest winter South China Sea western boundary current caused by the 2015-2016 El Niño event, Journal of Geophysical Research-Ocean. DOI: 10.1002/2016JC012252.

    [3] RuixiangZhao, Xiao-Hua Zhu*, XinyuGuo (2016): The impact of monsoon winds and mesoscale eddies on thermohaline structures and circulation patterns in the northern South China Sea, Continental Shelf Research, doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2016.06.009.

    [4] RuixiangZhao, Xiao-Hua Zhu* and Jae-Hun Park(2017):Near 5-day nonisostatic response to atmospheric surface pressure and coastal trapped waves observed in the northern South China Sea, Journal of Physical Oceanography, DOI: 10.1175/JPO-D-17-0013.1.

  • ■ 近5年主持承担的主要科技项目:

    1、国家自然科学基金面上项目、41776017、沿海声层析数据同化研究、2018/01-2021/12、即将开始、主持。

    2、国家自然科学基金面上项目、41576001、琉球海流的起源及其对东海的入侵和影响、2016/01-2019/12、在研、主持。

    3、国家自然科学基金面上项目、41276095、沿海声层析测流技术研究、2013/01-2016/12、已结题、主持。

    4、973课题课题、2011CB403503、南海海气相互作用与海洋环流和涡旋演变规律、2011/01-2015/12、已结题、主持。

    5、国家自然科学基金面上项目、41176021、黑潮的营养盐输送及其变化的动力学机制、2012/01-2015/12、已结题、主持。

    6、国家自然科学基金面上项目、40776021、琉球海流的动力学研究、2008/01-2010/12、已结题、主持。

    7、863项目、2006AA09Z102、沿海声层析技术的开发、2007/01-2009/12、已结题、主持。

    8、浙江省科技厅人才项目、2007R10035、浙江省钱江人才计划、2007/01-2008/12、已结题、主持。


  • ■ 近5年发表的主要学术论文:

    2013年—今主要论文(仅选SCI/EI论文,*为通讯作者):

    [1] Xiao-Hua Zhu, Hirohiko Nakamura, Menghong Dong, Ayako Nishina and Toru Yamashiro (2017), Tidal currents and Kuroshio transport variations in the Tokara Strait estimated from ferryboat ADCP data, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JC012329.

    [2] RuixiangZhao, Xiao-Hua Zhu* and Jae-Hun Park(2017):Near 5-day nonisostatic response to atmospheric surface pressure and coastal trapped waves observed in the northern South China Sea, Journal of Physical Oceanography, DOI: 10.1175/JPO-D-17-0013.1.

    [3] Ze‐Nan Zhu, Xiao‐Hua Zhu*, Xinyu Guo, Xiaopeng Fan and Chuanzheng Zhang (2017): Assimilation of coastal acoustic tomography data using an unstructured triangular grid ocean model for water with complex coastlines and islands, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, DOI: 10.1002/2017JC012715.

    [4] Zhao-Jun Liu, Hirohiko Nakamura, Xiao-Hua Zhu*, Ayako Nishina, Menghong Dong (2017), Tidal and residual currents across the northern Ryukyu Island chain observed by ferryboat ADCP, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, doi: 10.1002/2017JC012876.

    [5] Chuanzheng Zhang, Xiao-Hua Zhu*, Ze-Nan Zhu, Wenhu Liu, Zhongzhe Zhang,Xiaopeng Fan, Ruixiang Zhao, Menghong Dong, Min Wang (2017), High-precision measurement of tidal current structures using coastal acoustic tomography, , Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2017.05.014

    [6] Yaochu Yuan, Chenghao Yang, Yu-heng Tseng, Xiao-Hua Zhu, Huiqun Wang, Hong Chen (2017), Analysis of longer period variation of the Kuroshio Current intrusion into the Luzon Strait using rectified wavelet power spectra, Progress in Oceanography, doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2017.04.013.

    [7] Fadli Syamsudin, Minmo Chen, Arata Kaneko, Yudi Adityawarman, Hong Zheng, Hidemi Mutsuda, Aruni D. Hanifa, Chuanzheng Zhang, Guillaume Auger, John C. Wells and Xiaohua Zhu (2017): Profiling measurement of internal tides in Bali Strait by reciprocal sound transmission, Acoustical Science and Technology, 38, 5, 246-253, doi:10.1250/ast.38.246 (EI).

    [8] RuixiangZhao, Xiao-Hua Zhu* (2016): Weakest winter South China Sea western boundary current caused by the 2015-2016 El Niño event, Journal of Geophysical Research-Ocean. DOI: 10.1002/2016JC012252.

    [9] Xiaomei Yan*, Xiao-Hua Zhu*, Chongguang Pang, Linlin Zhang (2016): Effects of mesoscale eddies on the volume transport and branch pattern of the Kuroshio east of Taiwan, Journal of Geophysical Research-Ocean. DOI: 10.1002/2016JC012038.

    [10] Ze-Nan Zhu, Xiao-Hua Zhu*, XinyuGuo (2016): Coastal tomographic mapping of nonlinear tidal currents and residual currents, Continental Shelf Research, doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2016.06.014.

    [11] RuixiangZhao, Xiao-Hua Zhu*, XinyuGuo (2016): The impact of monsoon winds and mesoscale eddies on thermohaline structures and circulation patterns in the northern South China Sea, Continental Shelf Research, doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2016.06.009.

    [12] Kiyosi Kawanisi, Xiao-Hua Zhu*, Xiaopeng Fan, and Ioan Nistor (2016): Monitoring Tidal Bores using Acoustic Tomography System, Journal of Coastal Research, DOI: 10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-15-00172.1.

    [13] Zhang C., Kaneko A., Komai K., Zhu X.-H., Howe B. M. and Gohda N., (2016): Acoustic measurement of the net transport through the Seto Inland Sea. Acoustical Science and Technology, 37, 1, 10-20, doi:10.1250/ast.37.10.

    [14] Zhu X.-H., Zhu Z.-N., Guo X., Ma Y.-L., Fan X., Dong M., Zhang C., (2015). Measurement of tidal and residual currents and volume transport through the Qiongzhou Strait using coastal acoustic tomography. Continental Shelf Research, 108, 65-75.

    [15] Zhu, X.-H., Zhao, R., Guo, X., Long, Y., Ma, Y., and Fan, X. (2015): A long-term volume transport time series estimated by combining in situ observation and satellite altimeter data in the northern South China Sea. Journal of Oceanography,DOI 10.1007/s10872-015-0305-5.

    [16] Zhang, C., Kaneko, A., Zhu, X.-H*., and Gohda, N., 2015: Tomographic mapping of a coastal upwelling and the associated diurnal internal tides in Hiroshima Bay, Japan. Journal of Geophysical Research. DOI: 10.1002/2014JC010676.

    [17] Zhu Z.N., Zhu, X.-H*., Zhang C.Z. et al., 2015, An observational experiment of coastal acoustic tomography to map the structure of tidal currents in Sanmen Bay, China, Chinese J. Geophys.(in Chinese), 58(5): 1742-1753, doi:10.6038/cjg20150524.

    [18] Yuan Yaochu, Zhu Xiao-Hua, Zhou Feng. 2015. Progress of studies in China from July 2010 to May 2015 on the influence of the Kuroshio on neighboring Chinese seas and the Ryukyu Current. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 34(12): 1–10, doi: 10.1007/s13131-015-0771-z

    [19] Zhu, X.-H., Y.-L. Ma, X. Guo, X. Fan, Y. Long, Y. Yuan, J.-L. Xuan, and D. Huang (2014), Tidal and residual currents in the Qiongzhou Strait estimated from shipboard ADCP data using a modified tidal harmonic analysis method, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JC009855.

    [20] Yuan, Y., Y.-H. Tseng, C. Yang, G. Liao, C. H. Chow, Z. Liu, X.-H. Zhu, and H. Chen (2014), Variation in the Kuroshio intrusion: Modeling and interpretation of observations collected around the Luzon Strait from July 2009 to March 2011, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JC009776.

    [21] Zhang Chuanzheng, Kaneko Arata, Zhu Xiao-Hua*, Lin Ju. (2014): Nontidal sea level changes in Hiroshima Bay, Japan. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 33(9): 47–55, doi: 10.1007/s13131-014-0516-4

    [22] X.-H. Zhu, A. Kaneko, Q. Wu, C. Zhang, N. Taniguchi, and N. Gohda (2013): Mapping tidal current structures in Zhitouyang Bay, China, using coastal acoustic tomography, IEEE J. Ocean. Eng. 38, 285–296.

    [23] Guo, X., Zhu, X.-H*., Long, Y., Huang, D. (2013): Spatial variations in the Kuroshio nutrient transport from the East China Sea to south of Japan. Biogeosciences, 6403–6417,doi:10.5194/bg-10-6403-2013.

    [24] Wei, Y. Z., Huang, D. J., and Zhu, X.-H. (2013): Interannual to decadal variability of the Kuroshio Current in the East China Sea from 1955 to 2010 as indicated by in-situ hydrographic data, J. Oceanogr., 69, 571–589, doi:10.1007/s10872-013-0193-5.

    [25] Taniguchi, N., C-F. Huang, A. Kaneko, C-T. Liu, B. Howe, Y-H. Wang, Y. Yang, J. Lin, X.-H. Zhu and N. Gohda (2013): Measuring the Kuroshio Current with ocean acoustic tomography, Journal Acoustical Society of America, 134(4), 3272-3281.

    [26] Yang Chenghao, Liao Guanghong, Yuan Yaochu, Chen Hong, Zhu Xiaohua (2013): The diel vertical migration of sound scatterers observed by an acoustic Dopple current profiler in the Luzon Strait from July 2009 to April 2011. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 32(11): 1-9, doi: 10.1007/s13131-013-0364-7.